Install Ubuntu From Inside Windows 10

  1. Install Ubuntu From Inside Windows 10
  2. Ubuntu Download For Windows 10
  3. Ubuntu Install From Windows
  4. Ubuntu Cmd For Windows
The full form of WSL is Windows Subsystem for Linux. It is a feature of Windows 10 that lets you install and run a full-fledged Linux environment on Windows 10. Windows did not use any virtualization technique here. Instead, Microsoft built a way (WSL) to run Linux binaries on Windows. So, it’s fast and does not require much memory to run. In this article, I will show you how to install Ubuntu on Windows 10 using Windows WSL. Let’s get started.

Since I presume it's my flash drive's fault, I've thought if there's no way to install ubuntu in my HDD from inside the windows 10 running on my desktop. EDIT: I don't think I let clear that I am trying to install ubuntu on my second computer, whose HDD are clean. My main computer, which I was referring to, has only windows 10. First you must turn on Windows 10's Developer Mode via Settings Update & security For developers. Next, search for 'Windows Features' and choose 'Turn Windows features on or off' and enable. To install Ubuntu on Windows 10, the first thing you need to prepare is the ISO file of Ubuntu. You can get it by visiting clicking here. Just select the OS you prefer. Looking for a simple guide to install Ubuntu on a Windows 10 PC. Don’t worry anymore. In this article, we will provide you with some simple steps to install Ubuntu alongside Windows 10. Windows 10 is possibly the most popular computer OS that is used by more than 1 billion users. That said, Windows 10 is still not the most reliable computer OS. Install ubuntu (or another linux distro) from the windows store Search “windows store” in the start menu, then search for “ubuntu” The first time running wsl, it will prompt you to setup a user account; just follow the prompts Note that not all versions of windows 10 support the feature.


First, you have to enable WSL on Windows 10. It is really easy. First, go to the Settings app from the Start menu.

Now, click on Apps.

Now, from the Apps & features tab, click on Programs and Features as marked in the screenshot below.

Now click on Turn Windows features on or off from the Programs and Features as marked in the screenshot below.

Now, check the Windows Subsystem for Linux checkbox as marked in the screenshot below and click ok OK.

Now, click on Restart now. Windows 10 should reboot.

How to run ubuntu on windows10

Installing and Configuring Ubuntu on Windows 10 WSL:

Once your computer starts, open Microsoft Store from the Start menu as shown in the screenshot below.

Now, search for ubuntu. As you can see in the screenshot below, you can install Ubuntu 16.04 LTS or Ubuntu 18.04 LTS at the time of this writing.

I decided to install Ubuntu 16.04 LTS in this article. So, I clicked on it. Now, click on Get as marked in the screenshot below to install Ubuntu.

As you can see, Ubuntu is being installed from the Microsoft Store. It may take a while to complete.

After a while, Ubuntu should be installed.

Install Ubuntu From Inside Windows 10

Install ubuntu inside windows 10 using wubi

Now, start Ubuntu from the Start menu as shown in the screenshot below.

As you’re running Ubuntu on Windows 10 for the first time, you will have to configure it. Just press <Enter> to continue.

Now, you have to create a user account on Ubuntu. Type in the username and press <Enter>.

Now, type in a new password for the username you picked and press <Enter>.

Now, retype the password and press <Enter>.

A new user for Ubuntu should be created.

Now, you can run any Ubuntu Linux command here. I ran the lsb_release -a command and as you can see in the screenshot below, I am running Ubuntu 16.04.5 LTS on Windows 10 through WSL.

Ubuntu WSL version is using a custom version of the Linux kernel as you can see in the screenshot below.

You can also exit out of the bash like you always do with the exit command.

Once you do the initial configuration, every time you run the Ubuntu app, you will see a bash console as shown in the screenshot below.

As you can see, the Ubuntu’s free command also works.

Installing Ubuntu Packages:

You can also install Ubuntu packages here as well. The popular apt and apt-get commands are available. For example, let’s install the htop package on this version of Ubuntu and see what happens. First, open Ubuntu app and run the following command to update the APT package repository cache:

As you can see, the APT package repository cache is updated.

Now, install htop with the following command:

As you can see, htop is installed.

Now, you can run htop with the command:

As you can see, htop is running.

So, that’s how you install and use Ubuntu on Windows 10 through WSL. Thanks for reading this article.

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There are two options available for installing Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL):

  • Simplified install(preview release): wsl --install

    The wsl --install simplified install command requires that you join the Windows Insiders Program and install a preview build of Windows 10 (OS build 20262 or higher), but eliminates the need to follow the manual install steps. All you need to do is open a command window with administrator privileges and run wsl --install, after a restart you will be ready to use WSL.

  • Manual install: Follow the six steps listed below.

    The manual install steps for WSL are listed below and can be used to install Linux on any version of Windows 10.

Simplified Installation for Windows Insiders

The installation process for Windows Subsystem for Linux has been significantly improved in the latest Windows Insiders preview builds of Windows 10, replacing the manual steps below with a single command.

In order to use the wsl --install simplified install command, you must:

  • Join the Windows Insiders Program
  • Install a preview build of Windows 10 (OS build 20262 or higher).
  • Open a command line windows with Administrator privileges

Once those requirements are met, to install WSL:

  • Enter this command in the command line you've opened in Admin mode: wsl.exe --install
  • Restart your machine

The first time you launch a newly installed Linux distribution, a console window will open and you'll be asked to wait for files to de-compress and be stored on your PC. All future launches should take less than a second.

You will then need to create a user account and password for your new Linux distribution.

CONGRATULATIONS! You've successfully installed and set up a Linux distribution that is completely integrated with your Windows operating system!

The --install command performs the following actions:

  • Enables the optional WSL and Virtual Machine Platform components
  • Downloads and installs the latest Linux kernel
  • Sets WSL 2 as the default
  • Downloads and installs a Linux distribution (reboot may be required)

By default, the installed Linux distribution will be Ubuntu. This can be changed using wsl --install -d <Distribution Name>. (Replacing <Distribution Name> with the name of your desired distribution.) Additional Linux distributions may be added to your machine after the initial install using the wsl --install -d <Distribution Name> command.

To see a list of available Linux distributions, enter wsl --list --online.

Manual Installation Steps

If you are not on a Windows Insiders build, the features required for WSL will need to be enabled manually following the steps below.

Step 1 - Enable the Windows Subsystem for Linux

You must first enable the 'Windows Subsystem for Linux' optional feature before installing any Linux distributions on Windows.

Open PowerShell as Administrator and run:

We recommend now moving on to step #2, updating to WSL 2, but if you wish to only install WSL 1, you can now restart your machine and move on to Step 6 - Install your Linux distribution of choice. To update to WSL 2, wait to restart your machine and move on to the next step.

Step 2 - Check requirements for running WSL 2

To update to WSL 2, you must be running Windows 10.

  • For x64 systems: Version 1903 or higher, with Build 18362 or higher.
  • For ARM64 systems: Version 2004 or higher, with Build 19041 or higher.
  • Builds lower than 18362 do not support WSL 2. Use the Windows Update Assistant to update your version of Windows.

To check your version and build number, select Windows logo key + R, type winver, select OK. (Or enter the ver command in Windows Command Prompt). Update to the latest Windows version in the Settings menu.

Note

If you are running Windows 10 version 1903 or 1909, open 'Settings' from your Windows menu, navigate to 'Update & Security' and select 'Check for Updates'. Your Build number must be 18362.1049+ or 18363.1049+, with the minor build # over .1049. Read more: WSL 2 Support is coming to Windows 10 Versions 1903 and 1909. See the troubleshooting instructions.

Install Ubuntu From Inside Windows 10

Step 3 - Enable Virtual Machine feature

Before installing WSL 2, you must enable the Virtual Machine Platform optional feature. Your machine will require virtualization capabilities to use this feature.

Open PowerShell as Administrator and run:

Restart your machine to complete the WSL install and update to WSL 2.

Step 4 - Download the Linux kernel update package

  1. Download the latest package:

    Note

    If you're using an ARM64 machine, please download the ARM64 package instead. If you're not sure what kind of machine you have, open Command Prompt or PowerShell and enter: systeminfo find 'System Type'.

  2. Run the update package downloaded in the previous step. (Double-click to run - you will be prompted for elevated permissions, select ‘yes’ to approve this installation.)

Once the installation is complete, move on to the next step - setting WSL 2 as your default version when installing new Linux distributions. (Skip this step if you want your new Linux installs to be set to WSL 1).

Note

For more information, read the article changes to updating the WSL2 Linux kernel, available on the Windows Command Line Blog.

Step 5 - Set WSL 2 as your default version

Open PowerShell and run this command to set WSL 2 as the default version when installing a new Linux distribution:

Step 6 - Install your Linux distribution of choice

  1. Open the Microsoft Store and select your favorite Linux distribution.

    The following links will open the Microsoft store page for each distribution:

  2. From the distribution's page, select 'Get'.

The first time you launch a newly installed Linux distribution, a console window will open and you'll be asked to wait for a minute or two for files to de-compress and be stored on your PC. All future launches should take less than a second.

You will then need to create a user account and password for your new Linux distribution. Dhs certificate authority.

CONGRATULATIONS! You've successfully installed and set up a Linux distribution that is completely integrated with your Windows operating system!

Install Windows Terminal (optional)

Windows Terminal enables multiple tabs (quickly switch between multiple Linux command lines, Windows Command Prompt, PowerShell, Azure CLI, etc), create custom key bindings (shortcut keys for opening or closing tabs, copy+paste, etc.), use the search feature, and custom themes (color schemes, font styles and sizes, background image/blur/transparency). Learn more.

Install Windows Terminal.

Set your distribution version to WSL 1 or WSL 2

You can check the WSL version assigned to each of the Linux distributions you have installed by opening the PowerShell command line and entering the command (only available in Windows Build 18362 or higher): wsl -l -v

Ubuntu Download For Windows 10

To set a distribution to be backed by either version of WSL please run:

Make sure to replace <distribution name> with the actual name of your distribution and <versionNumber> with the number '1' or '2'. You can change back to WSL 1 at anytime by running the same command as above but replacing the '2' with a '1'.

Note

The update from WSL 1 to WSL 2 may take several minutes to complete depending on the size of your targeted distribution. If you are running an older (legacy) installation of WSL 1 from Windows 10 Anniversary Update or Creators Update, you may encounter an update error. Follow these instructions to uninstall and remove any legacy distributions.

If wsl --set-default-version results as an invalid command, enter wsl --help. If the --set-default-version is not listed, it means that your OS doesn't support it and you need to update to version 1903, Build 18362 or higher.

If you see this message after running the command: WSL 2 requires an update to its kernel component. For information please visit https://aka.ms/wsl2kernel. You still need to install the MSI Linux kernel update package.

Additionally, if you want to make WSL 2 your default architecture you can do so with this command:

This will set the version of any new distribution installed to WSL 2.

Troubleshooting installation

Below are related errors and suggested fixes. Refer to the WSL troubleshooting page for other common errors and their solutions.

  • Installation failed with error 0x80070003

    • The Windows Subsystem for Linux only runs on your system drive (usually this is your C: drive). Make sure that distributions are stored on your system drive:
    • Open Settings -> **System --> Storage -> More Storage Settings: Change where new content is saved
  • WslRegisterDistribution failed with error 0x8007019e

    • The Windows Subsystem for Linux optional component is not enabled:
    • Open Control Panel -> Programs and Features -> Turn Windows Feature on or off -> Check Windows Subsystem for Linux or using the PowerShell cmdlet mentioned at the beginning of this article.
  • Installation failed with error 0x80070003 or error 0x80370102

    • Please make sure that virtualization is enabled inside of your computer's BIOS. The instructions on how to do this will vary from computer to computer, and will most likely be under CPU related options.
  • Error when trying to upgrade: Invalid command line option: wsl --set-version Ubuntu 2

    • Enure that you have the Windows Subsystem for Linux enabled, and that you're using Windows Build version 18362 or higher. To enable WSL run this command in a PowerShell prompt with admin privileges: Enable-WindowsOptionalFeature -Online -FeatureName Microsoft-Windows-Subsystem-Linux.
  • The requested operation could not be completed due to a virtual disk system limitation. Virtual hard disk files must be uncompressed and unencrypted and must not be sparse.

    • Deselect “Compress contents” (as well as “Encrypt contents” if that’s checked) by opening the profile folder for your Linux distribution. It should be located in a folder on your Windows file system, something like: USERPROFILE%AppDataLocalPackagesCanonicalGroupLimited..
    • In this Linux distro profile, there should be a LocalState folder. Right-click this folder to display a menu of options. Select Properties > Advanced and then ensure that the “Compress contents to save disk space” and “Encrypt contents to secure data” checkboxes are unselected (not checked). If you are asked whether to apply this to just to the current folder or to all subfolders and files, select “just this folder” because you are only clearing the compress flag. After this, the wsl --set-version command should work.

Note

Ubuntu Install From Windows

In my case, the LocalState folder for my Ubuntu 18.04 distribution was located at C:Users<my-user-name>AppDataLocalPackagesCanonicalGroupLimited.Ubuntu18.04onWindows_79rhkp1fndgsc

Ubuntu Cmd For Windows

Check WSL Docs GitHub thread #4103 where this issue is being tracked for updated information.

  • The term 'wsl' is not recognized as the name of a cmdlet, function, script file, or operable program.

    • Ensure that the Windows Subsystem for Linux Optional Component is installed. Additionally, if you are using an ARM64 device and running this command from PowerShell, you will receive this error. Instead run wsl.exe from PowerShell Core, or Command Prompt.
  • Error: This update only applies to machines with the Windows Subsystem for Linux.

    • To install the Linux kernel update MSI package, WSL is required and should be enabled first. If it fails, it you will see the message: This update only applies to machines with the Windows Subsystem for Linux.
    • There are three possible reason you see this message:
    1. You are still in old version of Windows which doesn't support WSL 2. See step #2 for version requirements and links to update.

    2. WSL is not enabled. You will need to return to step #1 and ensure that the optional WSL feature is enabled on your machine.

    3. After you enabled WSL, a reboot is required for it to take effect, reboot your machine and try again.

  • Error: WSL 2 requires an update to its kernel component. For information please visit https://aka.ms/wsl2kernel .

    • If the Linux kernel package is missing in the %SystemRoot%system32lxsstools folder, you will encounter this error. Resolve it by installing the Linux kernel update MSI package in step #4 of these installation instructions. You may need to uninstall the MSI from 'Add or Remove Programs', and install it again.